HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS)

HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS)

It is a virus that causes cervical cancer, especially in women. It is also closely associated with vulva, vagina, anal region, oropharynx cancers and genital warts. HPV DNA is isolated in almost all cases of cervical cancer

There are approximately 100 different types of HPV virus. Types related to cervical cancer (cervical cancer): HPV is known as 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 68. Especially Types 16 and 18 are very common and HPV Type 16 was found in 50% of HPV viruses isolated in cervical cancer.

HPV vaccine was approved and started to be used in 2006 and is administered to young girls and women between the ages of 9-26. It is licensed to.

HPV vaccinations can significantly reduce the frequency of anogenital cancer and genital warts. Between 2006 and 2010 in America, the frequency of vaccine type HPV in women aged 14-19 decreased by 56%.

How many types of HPV vaccines are there?
There are 3 types of HPV vaccines.

When should the vaccination time be?
HPV vaccination is recommended for girls (and even boys) at the age of 11-12 to reduce the frequency of anogenital cancer and warts.
Bivalent, Quadrivalent and 9-valent vaccines are recommended for women aged 9-26. Better protection is achieved when girls are vaccinated at earlier ages (9-14 years compared to 15-26 years) and especially before the start of sexual activity.

What should be the method and number of vaccines administered?
All 3 vaccines are given in 3-dose series with a planning of 0.1-2 and 6 months (there is no booster vaccine application). If there is a delay in the dose of the second or third vaccine, there is no need to restart the series.

 

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