PHOBIA: It is an avoidance accompanied by inhibiting fear about an object or situation, which is not proportional to the danger and is recognized as meaningless by the person who experiences it.

There is no real danger and life is life-threatening. It is an extreme fear caused by heights, closed places, snakes, spiders, etc., accompanied by a discomfort sufficient to disrupt the flow.


  • Heart palpitations,

  • Chills (like goosebumps),

  • Blood pressure changes (blood pressure decreases in blood phobia),

  • Feeling like fainting (indicated by a feeling of darkening in the eyes),

  • Hot flushes and sweating (mostly cold sweats),

  • Feeling of fear or startle,

  • Sometimes desire to urinate,

  • Sometimes fainting

  • Shortness of breath

  • Blurred vision

  • Dry mouth

  • Phobias are examined under two headings: