One of the bones that make up the ankle joint is our heel bone. (Calcaneus) Our Achilles tendon attaches to the upper back corner of the heel bone. The Achilles tendon attaches to the upper back corner of the heel bone. This tendon is the tendon that is responsible for pulling our ankle towards ourselves.
In Haglund's disease, there is an overgrowth at the upper rear end of the heel due to wearing bad shoes, a previous fracture, or congenitally occurring foot. During every movement of the wrist, it puts pressure on the Achilles tendon, and due to this pressure, the Achilles tendon turns into an edematous, sensitive tissue. Patients complain of serious pain, especially in the few steps they take when getting out of bed in the morning. Usually, patients' complaints subside after a few steps. The same complaints recur when patients first get up after sitting for a long time during the day. In advanced cases, complaints begin to occur while walking or resting. At the same time, it is observed that a deformity develops in the upper part of the heel in patients. In the x-rays and advanced imaging methods (MRI and Tomography) taken when diagnosing the disease, the damaged area at the upper rear end of the heel and injuries observed at various levels on the Achilles tendon are typical.
In treatment; Physical therapy and rehabilitation programs can be applied to patients, primarily with comfortable shoes, heel elevation, and strengthening the Achilles tendon. However, since it is a mechanical problem, its treatment is usually surgical, and the main principle of the treatment is to correct the deformity in the heel and, if necessary, to perform correction procedures on the Achilles tendon.