Obesity Surgery (Bariatric Surgery)

Obesity is abnormal and excessive fat accumulation that harms health, resulting from a high-calorie diet and sedentary lifestyle. Obesity is calculated by a method called Body Mass Index (BMI) determined by the World Health Organization. According to this value calculated by height and body weight, the degree and treatment of obesity disease are determined. Obesity surgery is applied to patients with a BMI value between 35-40 and diseases caused by obesity such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and patients with a BMI value of 40 and above.

The type of surgery performed in obesity surgery depends on the patient's health status and additional diseases. and determined according to your preference. Surgical procedures performed are classified as restrictive, malabsorptive and combined.

The types of surgery that restrict food intake are gastric band and sleeve gastrectomy. Gastric band surgery is now a less preferred method because it is less effective and causes weight gain after removal. The most commonly performed type of surgery today is sleeve gastrectomy. It is a method that is easier to perform than other obesity surgeries and provides effective results without changing stomach functions. The patient stays in the hospital for less time and no implant is applied.

Surgery types that prevent food absorption are Duodenal Switch, Biliopancreatic Diversion, SADI-S. These surgeries are preferred in type 2 diabetic patients and patients with metabolic syndrome.

The combined surgery type is Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB). This surgery is preferred in super obese patients, patients who are not thought to benefit from sleeve gastrectomy surgery, and revision surgery.

 

 

 

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