Children and Diarrhea

Diarrhea is defined as an increase in the number of daily defecations and a watery consistency.

It is very common, especially between the ages of 6 months and 2 years. The most feared complication in a patient with diarrhea, which can lead to death if left untreated, is dehydration( fluid loss). Excessive defecation and accompanying vomiting may cause excessive loss of water and electrolytes (sodium, chlorine, potassium, bicarbonate).

Diarrhea may be microbial. It can occur due to toxins secreted by microbes, antibiotics, various medications, some gastrointestinal diseases, some hormonal disorders and tumoral conditions.

Summer diarrhea is usually microbial and most of it is viral infection. It most often occurs due to consumption of unclean water. Follow personal hygiene rules. It is seen in places where insects and flies are abundant, such as lack of attention, open toilets, and consumption of food sold in the open. Since it is mostly viral, antibiotics are ineffective. The treatment is to drink plenty of fluids orally or, if the patient cannot take enough orally, to give appropriate fluid support intravenously.

Consumption of fatty foods, ready-made food, ready-made fruit juice and milk should be restricted. Probiotics Due to its mechanism of action, it is recommended as a complementary treatment in patients with diarrhea and vomiting.

 

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