DEFINITION AND IMPORTANCE OF TOY

DEFINITION AND IMPORTANCE OF TOY

Just as the effects of play on the child's development are important, play materials are also very important.

Toys improve the child's sense of choice, evaluation and creativity, while also helping him to make self-decision and gain skills in certain areas. It also provides opportunities.

In this case, we can define toys as "all play materials that bring order to the child's movements throughout the developmental stages, help in their mental, physical and psycho-social development, and develop their imagination and creative abilities."

>

Play materials of various sizes and colors, which are of great importance for children, also help children have fun while playing and learn concepts such as color, size, shape and form. While playing with friends, the child can also learn to share, wait, and cooperate. In addition, children satisfy their curiosity and satisfy their curiosity by destroying, breaking, separating and assembling the toys they receive, and also examine and discover the properties of the objects.

In this period, parents are responsible for providing the environment and materials that the child needs, appropriate to their developmental characteristics. .

Another issue that should be emphasized by parents during this period is the preference of stimulating and thought-provoking toys that are suitable for their age and development level, instead of expensive and fancy toys that do not contribute to children's development.

TOY PREFERENCES BY AGE

Newborn: As it is known, the newborn baby's most valuable toy is his own body. The baby entertains himself by waving his hand and arm, opening and closing them, trying to put his foot in his mouth and sucking his fingers. Additionally, in the months following birth, the child The uk is also very sensitive to sounds, colors and shapes. For this reason, in these months, babies' toys consist of toys that appeal to visual and auditory senses. In the first months, colorful toys that move, make sounds, and are mobile that can be hung over the baby's bed or attached to the side of the bed can be preferred.

6-7 months: In these months, as the child starts to sit, the space can also be used. expands. For this reason, from the month the child starts sitting, dolls, animals, and colorful rings that are not too big or small, made of flexible plastic or soft rubber that the child can hold in his hand and fit in his palm, can be given. One of the most interesting toys for children during these months is rattles with pictures or bells. Rattles are attractive to all babies because they move and make sounds.

8-12. month:Due to the fact that babies start to crawl and walk in these months, the best toys for children are colorful balls that do not break but make noise when dropped. In addition, during this period, toys that crash and bounce back, or wheeled animals that can push and pull, and automobiles are the most suitable toys for toddlers, and such toys make babies very happy. One of the toys that interest babies around one year old is "pouring-stuffing" toys. Although these toys, which consist of large colorful shapes and a box into which they can be thrown, attract the attention of the child, they lose interest in this toy very quickly.

15-18. month: As the child starts walking, it becomes easier to move from one room to another. During this period, he can move the items he has acquired from one room to another. For this reason, grass that can be pushed, pulled, makes noise when pushed, and plays music Cars, animals with wheels or soft fur, and dolls are among the most preferred toys. Walkers or ride-on toys are also suitable toys for these months. In addition, since discoveries and inventions have an important place in children's world starting from the 18th month, blocks, boxes and shapes of different sizes are the most suitable toys for the child to build and combine during this period.

2-3 years old. :From this age, children begin to dramatize the daily events they experience around them. Therefore, the most suitable toys for children in this period are dolls of different sizes that they can use in their dramatic games, various puppets, room sets, kitchen equipment, carpentry, cleaning materials (shovel, broom), garden tools (hoe, rake, shovel), animal sets, transportation set (railway, bridge, railway), doctor's equipment, the most suitable play materials.

3-4 years old: As children's motor development increases and their movements become more regulated, children They enjoy going up and down, riding tricycles and climbing. During this period, rocking horses, pedal cars, unicycles, trolleys and swing sets are among the most suitable play materials. Also in this period, toys that can be disassembled and reassembled or broken down, cubes, blocks, and construction materials that can be arranged from smallest to largest are the most preferred and loved play tools by children.

4-6 years: Children enjoy tabletop activities as well as outdoor games. They love painting, cutting, gluing, painting, making shapes with leftover materials and assembling jigsaw puzzles. During this period, children perceive, remember, take apart and combine, make mistakes, correct, and come up with new interpretations and solutions.

Children's tabletop activities include blocks, pencils, paper, paints, paintbrushes, glue, scissors, buttons, beads, as well as matching toys, illustrated dominoes, illustrated bingos, illustrated cubes, puzzles, and puzzles. Grays are among the most popular toys.

6 years old: As imaginary games are at their peak by this age, housekeeping, grocery store, doctor games and dolls suitable for this period, housekeeping and doctor sets, Carpentry tools, puppets, cleaning and kitchen sets, garden tools, animal sets, and shops are the most preferred play materials by children.

In this period, children enjoy physical movements such as playing ball, jumping rope, climbing, swimming, and outdoor activities. Because they enjoy air games very much, play materials such as rope, ball, rope ladder, sled, ski and skate may be preferred.

As the child starts school, some changes are seen in the child's play interests. In this period, in addition to the play activities in the preschool period, children will learn games and game materials such as checkers, chess, lotto, basketball, cycling and skating that will reveal their skills as much as possible; At later ages, they prefer adult activities such as cinema, theater, watching television and doing sports. Additionally, school children enjoy different reading materials.

Read: 0