What is diabetic retinopathy and how should it be monitored?

Diabetic retinopathy, which may occur due to diabetes mellitus, is a disease (pathological) condition that occurs in the retina tissue of the eye due to diabetes. With a more detailed definition; Diabetic Retinopathy is a disease condition that develops due to bleeding and fluid migration caused by damage to the vessels that feed your retina, which are the tissues at the back of your eye where light falls. It may cause the formation of new blood vessels on the surface of the retina, and the risk of bleeding in these sensitive vessels may be higher. Diabetic retinopathy, which is subject to different classifications according to various medical sources, is generally classified as non-proliferative, pre-proliferative and proliferative.

Diabetic retinopathy is an insidious disease.
One of the systems most affected by diabetes mellitus in our body is our circulatory system. Considering that our eyes, which are our sense of sight, consist of a dense and complex vascular system, it is very important for diabetic patients to be followed by internal medicine / endocrinology specialists as well as eye health by an ophthalmologist. One of the most common eye disorders in diabetes is Diabetic retinopathy. If diabetic patients cannot control their blood glucose levels, damage to the retina of the eye may increase depending on the high blood glucose levels and different time periods. Although eye damage, which usually progresses painlessly, causes symptoms such as occlusion, blurred vision, and line-shaped vision due to bleeding and fluid permeability, serious vision loss and blindness may occur when it is detected late. Since there is no pain, diabetic retinopathy is an insidious disease that develops silently and over time. Early diagnosis is important in diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy according to different types of diabetes
Eye health control is very important in diabetic patients. Patients divided into Type 1 and Type 2 should be evaluated separately in terms of eye health. Type 1 diabetic patients should have regular eye health checks from the day their disease is noticed. juve Since type 1 diabetes, called nil type diabetes, occurs in childhood and adolescence, it is important to have it checked by an ophthalmologist starting from childhood or adolescence, when diabetes is diagnosed, and routine check-ups at the time intervals determined by your ophthalmologist, in terms of the risk of diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases.

Type 2 diabetes is mostly caused by nutritional factors, genetic predisposition, infections in the pancreas, etc. Because it occurs from early adulthood to advanced ages due to factors, patients with diabetes risk and condition in this age group should not neglect their ophthalmologist check-ups in terms of eye health.

Eye check for diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy, as mentioned above, is a disorder that can progress and worsen without much stimulation (pain, etc.). For this reason, initial and subsequent regular eye examinations by an ophthalmologist can reduce vision loss before it increases and other symptoms progress. During this process, your ophthalmologist takes and evaluates your disease history, measures your vision values ​​and evaluates your general eye health.

To protect from diabetic retinopathy
To protect from diabetic retinopathy, he monitors your diabetes. It is very important to use your medications regularly and pay attention to your daily diet (what you eat and your weight control) in accordance with your doctor's recommendations. It is also important that you do regular sports (exercise) in accordance with your physical structure.

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