Stoma is the process of inserting an organ with a lumen into the abdominal skin. Mouthization of the large intestine is called colostomy, and mouthing the small intestine is called ileostomy.

Colostomy is a surgical procedure that removes one end of the large intestine from the abdominal wall. During this procedure, one end of the colon is directed through an incision in the abdominal wall to create a stoma (a small mouth-like hole). The stoma is the opening of the skin that contains a pouch to collect stool. People with temporary or long-term colostomy have bags attached to their sides where feces can be collected and easily disposed of, and this serves this function.

Colostomies are not always opened permanently. Diseases or injuries such as cancer, trauma, inflammatory bowel disease, and certain birth defects can obstruct the flow of stool. In this case, ostomy is applied to ensure defecation during bowel movements.


Colostomy is the opening created by the surgeon to bring the large intestine to the abdominal surface.


>Colostomies can be temporary or permanent depending on their purpose.


Temporary Colostomy


Large intestine blockages,

After intestinal injuries,

After intestinal perforation,

Congenital-hereditary-intestinal abnormalities,

To ensure recovery from a surgery performed on the intestine,

It is applied after serious anus diseases and injuries.



Permanent Colostomy


Anus (removal) Diseases in which the anus) is removed

Diseases in which the last part of the large intestine (rectum) and the anus must be removed together

Diseases in which the muscles controlling the anus cannot perform their functions

Permanence in the last part of the large intestine Having a disease

What do you need to know about stoma?


Stoma is the opening created to connect the intestine to the bag after Colostomy or Ileostomy surgeries.


It is pink or red, moist and somewhat shiny in color.

The stomata are mostly round or oval.

The stomata are slightly sticky on the skin. �r, but some are flat.

When your stoma is cleaned, a small amount may flow.

When using a stoma, the skin around it should be dry.

When stomas are to be closed, you should definitely consult your surgeon and ask for closure. You should plan the operation and its time with your oncologist and surgeon.


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