GOUT

GUT disease, also known as the disease of kings, is one of the most common inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The name disease of the kings or disease of the rich is used because it is seen in people who eat protein-rich foods or eat a lot. However, the disease can show some genetic transitions and therefore can occur regardless of being weak or not eating. Although the disease is frequently seen in men, it can also be seen in post-menopausal women. The disease is mostly a disease of men aged 40-50.

What are the symptoms of the disease?

Disease attacks It is watching as follows. Most often, its first attack occurs on the big toe. The patient wakes up in the middle of the night with pain in his big toe. The big toe is swollen, red and noticeably painful. Apart from the big toe, the first attack may also occur in joints such as the ankle and knee. After these attacks, a second attack may often occur. Attacks recur unless the uric acid levels in the patient's blood decrease. Gout usually causes inflammation in a single joint. In progressive attacks, more than one joint is affected. If attacks recur or if necessary precautions are not taken, it may progress to kidney failure.

How is the disease diagnosed?

The diagnosis of GUT disease is made by the patient. It is diagnosed by seeing the swollen joint and knowing the typical areas of involvement. As we mentioned above, the first attack in patients usually occurs in the big toe. Apart from this, blood tests are very helpful to us. In particular, the level of the substance called uric acid in the serum increases significantly. Uric acid level also plays a role in monitoring the treatment.

How is Gout Disease Treated?

Lifestyle in the treatment of GOUT disease We can divide it into two: changes and drug treatment. Both parts have their own importance. What I mean by lifestyle change is that it is important to take general precautions such as losing weight, eating a low-protein diet, restricting alcohol consumption and nut consumption. is flowing. We know that attacks can develop after a diet with a high protein content, so diet is of great importance.

Apart from diet, attack-relieving treatments and drugs that lower blood uric acid levels are used. Situations such as how long these medications will be used and how often patients will come for check-ups vary from patient to patient. In addition, GUT patients often have high cholesterol levels. For this purpose, it is necessary to evaluate serum uric acid and cholesterol levels at regular intervals.

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