Insect bites in open and natural areas where flies, insects and bees are concentrated is one of the health problems that can be seen from time to time. Insect bites, which appear suddenly with symptoms such as local itching, redness and swelling on the skin, are much more common in spring and summer. The reasons for this include a significant increase in the number of insects in hot weather and a more frequent preference for outdoor activities. Insect stings or insect bites can be caused by many different types of insects. The type of insect, whether it is poisonous and whether an allergic reaction develops in the individual determines the type and severity of the symptoms that occur after the insect bite. In such cases, even if there is no reaction in the first hours, serious health problems may occur even after hours or even days. Therefore, insect stings should be considered important and a doctor should be checked by applying to health institutions.
What is Insect Sting?
Insects, depending on the type, have an allergic reaction on the skin with the help of needles they have or with allergen substances found in salivary fluids. can cause irritation and different symptoms. This situation, called an insect sting, is sometimes simple and insignificant and does not cause any significant symptoms, while in some cases it can cause serious swelling and lesions, and even anaphylactic shock. . Babies and children, pregnant women, individuals with allergies and the elderly are generally among the groups that show more serious symptoms in insect stings. Insects can also mediate the transmission of infectious diseases from person to person, in addition to causing poisoning and allergic reactions.
Diseases such as malaria, typhus and yellow fever are among the diseases that can be transmitted as a result of insect bites. Insects found especially in regions with hot and tropical climates are more likely to carry infectious diseases.
What are the Symptoms of Insect Sting?
The moment of bite usually causes some pain. Immediately after the bite, an allergic reaction begins to develop on the skin. Warming, redness, itching and similar symptoms occur in the sting and bitten area. The factor that triggers the developing allergic reaction is the poisonous substance that the insect leaves on the skin through needles or saliva. However, in individuals who are allergic to the secretions of the insect, the symptoms may gradually increase and cause severe health problems. Symptoms of insect bites include:
- Redness, itching, irritation, pain and swelling at the bite site
- Water blisters and inflammation
- Single or clustered blisters
- Nausea and vomiting
- Diarrhea and abdominal pain
- Difficulty breathing, chest tightness
- Tongue swelling
After activities in natural environments, the body should be checked in front of a mirror. Ticks are animals that are most likely to carry Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and some other infectious diseases. For this reason, if a tick bite is noticed, no intervention should be made and one should go to the hospital immediately. Mite bites, which are another insect bite, generally cause a lot of itching.
Spider Although the bites vary according to the type of spider, they can be very painful, severe redness and swelling may occur. In addition, some types of spiders can cause more serious reactions that require medical attention, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain. There is severe pain, sudden swelling and redness in bee stings. In all these cases, it is necessary to apply to health institutions as soon as possible, since very serious reactions may occur in allergic individuals. It should be checked whether the insect is still present. In case of a tick bite, it can be seen with the naked eye as the tick sticks to the skin. Then, the person can guess which animal was bitten by the area he is in. If the individual has a non-allergic body, it may even be possible to see no complications. After insect bites and stings, the area should be thoroughly washed with soap and warm water. Then the area should be disinfected with the help of cologne or an antiseptic substance. These practices are important for the prevention of infection. If swelling is present, ice compresses can be applied.
Not every insect bite requires a visit to the hospital. However, if the person has an allergy, the reactions in the area gradually worsen, and serious complications such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, and shortness of breath are observed, emergency departments of hospitals should be consulted immediately.
What Is Good for Insect Sting Swelling?
Among the questions most frequently asked by individuals who experience insect bites, there are questions such as what is good for an insect bite, what is good for swelling, what should be done with an insect bite. insect bite sting The best intervention for her pain is to apply ice compresses. This application will also relieve the itching felt in the area. Due to the coldness of the ice, the redness in the area may increase slightly, this is normal. If an insect bite has occurred in an individual who has been diagnosed with allergy, these individuals can use antihistamine drugs prescribed by their physicians for precautionary purposes, and then apply to health institutions. questions are also frequently asked by individuals. Reactions caused by poisonous insects can occur within a few hours or a few days. This depends entirely on the sensitivity of the person and the type of insect. However, individuals who do not know which insect they have been bitten by, even if they do not experience a serious reaction, should undergo a health examination just in case.
How is Insect Sting Treatment?
Allergic reaction or serious complication after insect sting first aid applications In this case, it is necessary to apply to health institutions. In the absence of an allergic reaction, first aid applications are usually sufficient as insect bite treatment. After first aid, which includes washing with soap and water and then disinfecting, applying ice compresses, patients who apply to health institutions due to allergic reactions are first subjected to a physical examination by the physician. Then, antihistamine drug treatment is usually recommended, and these can be in the form of creams and ointments applied on the area, oral medications or intravenous antihistamines. If there is pain, painkillers can be used. In the event of a tick bite, the individual should never unconsciously try to remove the tick. Removing the tick with the wrong method may cause some of it to remain in the body and cause serious health problems. For this reason, it should be ensured that the tick is removed by experts by applying to health institutions. Following the diagnostic tests and examination, inf If there is an ejection, treatment is applied for it. Patients who do not show any complications are discharged in line with the recommendations given by the physician. In patients diagnosed with allergies, precautionary drugs can be prescribed to be used immediately in the next insect sting. In such cases, especially when going to natural environments, individuals should definitely have these drugs with them.
If you have experienced insect bites, you should do first aid applications first, and then, if you observe allergic reactions, you should apply to health institutions and go through a doctor's control. In case of a possible allergy, you can prevent the development of serious complications by applying to a health institution as soon as possible.