Hammer toe is a deformity that can develop in the second, third or fourth toe. In this case, the toe is bent from its middle joint, which resembles a hammer. Initially, hammer toes are flexible and can be corrected with simple measures. However, if left untreated, they become fixed, in which case surgery is required.
In people with hammer toes, they occur at the top of the middle joint of the toe, or on the tip of the toe. , calluses and calluses (hardness) may occur. These people may also feel pain in their toes or feet and have difficulty finding comfortable shoes.
Causes of Hammer Toes
Hammer toes It occurs as a result of shoes that do not fit properly or a muscle imbalance. Hammer Fingers is often a combination of one or more factors. The muscles work as a pair to both straighten and flex the toes. If the toe is bent and held in a position long enough, the muscles tighten and cannot stretch outwards.
Shoes that narrow towards the toes make the front of your foot look small. . But at the same time, they push your littletoesinto a bent position. The toes become worse as they rub against the shoe, causing calluses and calluses to form.
The higher heel forces the foot downwards and compresses the toes and As the pressure increases, finger bending occurs. As a result, the muscles of the toes, even if the toes are not confined by the shoe, are insufficient to straighten the toes
Hammer Toe. Treatment
starts with soft shoes with wide distance between the toes and the shoe. Shoes should be half an inch longer than your longest toe. (Note: many people have the secondtoetoe toe strong>it is longer than the thumb. ) Avoid wearing tight, narrow, high-heeled shoes. You should be able to find shoes that can provide room for your hammer toe and have a deep distance between the toes and the shoe. Or, at a shoe repair shop, you can stretch the toe of the shoe and enlarge the part around the toes. Sandals may help, as long as they don't pinch or rub other parts of your feet.
Your doctor will prescribe some toe exercises to strengthen and stretch the muscles that you can do at home. For example, you can gently stretch your toes. You can use yourtoesto pick up things from the ground. While watching television or reading, you can put a towel under your feet and try to wrinkle the towel with your toes.
As a result, your doctor may recommend tapes, pads or callus pads to relieve your symptoms. If you have diabetes and have poor circulation or numbness in your feet, consult your doctor before self-treating.
If conservative treatment is not sufficient, hammertoe can be corrected with surgery. Mostly, the surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia. The current method depends on the type of lengthening the deformity. After the surgery, there may be some stiffness, swelling and redness, and the toe may be longer or shorter than before the surgery. You can walk, but do not plan long walks until your toe heals and try to keep your foot as high as possible.