Nutrition in Surgical Patients During Ramadan

Nutrition in Surgical Patients During Ramadan

Many changes occur in the body after surgical interventions. This new order that emerges in the metabolism and digestive system has different effects in the short and long term. Some points to be considered in the short and long term after various operations can ensure that the newly formed body order is healthy.

Fatigue and anemia after operations such as hernia, thyroid gland and breast, which are in the field of general surgery and are not related to the digestive system. There are situations that require good rest and nutrition in the early period, such as low body resistance, low body resistance, but since the metabolism returns to a level close to normal approximately 3-4 weeks after such operations, these patients can return to the pre-operative diet and therefore normal fasting routine in a short time.

The situation is very different after operations affecting the digestive system. Long-term and even permanent new patterns, depending on the area of ​​surgery and the changes created, can permanently change the patient's nutrition and reduce their resistance to hunger.

Consuming too much food at once, as well as long-term fasting, after esophagus, stomach and duodenum operations. It can also be harmful. Especially after surgery in which the entire stomach is not removed and all or part of it is left behind, long-term fasting can often cause ulcers (wounds) and even life-threatening side effects such as bleeding or perforation. However, approximately 1 year after this type of surgery, fasting may be possible as the upper digestive system reaches a stable balance. With the doctor's recommendation, medications that control acid secretion, a balanced diet at sahur and iftar, and especially one that is not excessive in terms of the amount of food eaten, can help patients in this regard.

The recovery of patients who have undergone surgery due to hemorrhoids, fissures and similar peri-anal hemorrhoids group diseases. In order for them to perform healthy defecation functions, they must not have diarrhea or constipation. For this reason, these patients should preferably eat 3 meals a day and consume plenty of vegetable fiber and drink plenty of water at each meal.

One of the operations performed is gallbladder surgery. Gallbladder removed There is no prohibition on the nutritional regime of these patients, but these patients need to be fed frequently as being hungry for a long time causes a special type of stomach disorder called bile reflux gastritis. On the other hand, classic iftar meals may not be suitable for patients who have undergone gallbladder and pancreas operations, as consuming too much animal food in one meal causes indigestion.

In general, after surgical operations, body resistance decreases in the early period and new metabolic changes come to the fore. Nutritional disorders and deficiencies can negatively affect the patient's general health. This process can take a long time or even a lifetime, especially in serious diseases and large-scale operations. However, since we have detailed information about the operations performed and the changes they cause in the body, many patients can withstand long-term hunger and therefore fast after the operation, with various diets and some medications and nutritional supports.

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