What are Soft Tissue Damages? Soft Tissue Disorder and Trauma

Soft tissue traumas such as forcing and stretching are among the common causes of trauma. Soft tissue generally consists of cells that serve as a support by wrapping around organs and skeletal structures. Many different types of tissue, such as skin, fat, muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and blood vessels, are evaluated in soft tissue. You can follow the rest of the article for detailed information about the damages that may occur in the soft tissue.

What is Soft Tissue?

Soft tissue wraps around the body structures and has many different functions such as connection, protection and support. It is the type of tissue in which cell types come together and work in common. In general terms, the term soft tissue is most commonly used for muscle tissue, tendons, ligaments, and the fascia structure that covers the muscles. However, soft tissue is not limited to these structures only. Many structures such as fat, skin, nerves and blood vessels are also located in the soft tissue.

What are the Types of Soft Tissue Trauma?

Soft tissue disorder causes various structures within this tissue class to be traumatized. situations that occur as a result of injury. These injuries refer to traumas involving only soft tissue, unlike traumas such as bone fractures in hard tissue or problems with internal organs. Soft tissue injury is basically examined in 2 groups according to the mechanism of occurrence. Injuries that occur as a result of a sudden onset mechanism of trauma and an external effect are generally referred to as acute trauma. In other soft tissue injuries, it usually occurs in the form of overuse injuries due to prolonged and intense use of certain body parts of the person, instead of an external environmental factor.

In soft tissue injuries caused by acute trauma, cuts, bruises or changes such as crushing, tearing may occur. Depending on the type of injury, tissue loss may occur in soft tissue damage or infection may develop on the wound. In some cases, care should be taken as bleeding can be quite severe and can put the person in a state of shock. r. In soft tissue traumas such as cuts and slits, surgical intervention may be required to fully heal the damaged body area. In the event of bleeding after trauma, the blood coming out of the vein is trapped between the tissues, and this may show itself with edema. The resulting edema may cause pressure on the blood vessels, causing interruption or reduction of blood flow to the damaged area. In sprains, another type of soft tissue injury, the joint movement is usually performed in a way that forces the joint excessively, unlike an incoming blow. In soft tissue strains, it occurs due to the repetitive and excessive use of certain body parts over time. In strains that are tried to be used above the range of motion and result in damage to various connective tissue elements, especially muscle, the injury must first be expected to heal in order to regain functions.

What are the Symptoms of Soft Tissue Trauma?

Soft tissue Complaints caused by trauma may vary depending on the type of damage. Symptoms that may occur in addition to the complaint of pain in acute traumatic soft tissue injuries are as follows:

Overuse injuries, which are another type of soft tissue trauma that may occur apart from acute injuries, are usually tendinitis (tendon inflammation), bursitis (inflammation of the cushions that support the joint area), epicondylitis (round bone where the bone articulates) Inflammation of the part of the body) occurs in the form of muscle strains or tears. Epicondylitis, known as tennis elbow and golfer's elbow, are among the most common soft tissue traumas with this type of formation mechanism. Additional symptoms are also quite diverse:
It should be kept in mind that the severity of the complaints may vary depending on the degree of damage in soft tissue traumas. In the case of applying to physicians with such complaints, the first thing to do is to determine the body parts where there is tenderness, edema, redness or pain. Afterwards, the degree of damage is investigated by using various radiological imaging methods, especially ultrasonography, and treatment planning is started. may vary depending on the type and mechanism of formation. In simple injuries, various applications such as appropriate rest, cold application, pressure application and holding at height can be beneficial. If deemed necessary by the physicians, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed to the patient may be effective in soft tissue injuries manifested by inflammatory conditions. In addition to treatment interventions, especially in soft tissue injuries caused by overuse, special medical equipment called braces or splints can be applied to prevent the patient from continuing to force that part of his body unknowingly. In cases where the treatment is inconclusive, such as tendon rupture, surgical intervention may be considered.

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