Sleep Respiratory Disorders

Sleep Respiratory Disorders

One of the indispensable features of a healthy life is undoubtedly quality and adequate sleep. In order to spend the daily life efficiently, it is necessary to acquire a sleep habit of sufficient length, quality, depth and comfort. However, today, along with the decrease in the quality of sleep due to various health problems, various sleep disorder problems such as difficulty falling asleep or insomnia are more common. In this context, it is very important to eliminate sleep disorders for a healthy and successful life.

What is Sleep Disorder?

During sleep; During the day, the harmful effects of the reactions occurring in our body are repaired and the toxic substances are removed, and the tissues are prepared for the new day. Moreover; Processes such as regulation of brain functions, resting of brain cells and processing and memorizing the information learned during the day take place.

Sleep basically consists of two phases. These are the non-REM period, which is the resting phase, and the REM period, which is the active phase. For a quality sleep, these two phases should follow each other in certain lengths and order and sleep for a sufficient amount of time. When these conditions are not met, sleep disorders are mentioned.

In parallel with the increase in the frequency of various psychological problems such as stress and anxiety in daily life, the frequency of sleep disorders is also increasing. Especially recent studies draw attention to the fact that one out of every 3 adults sleeps less than 7 hours a day.

What are Sleep Disorders?

Various sleep disorders have been defined depending on the affected parameter of sleep. These can be listed as follows:

Insomnia: Insomnia, which can also be defined as difficulty in staying asleep or falling asleep, can be caused by a variety of reasons. jet-lag,

  • stressful life, anxiety disorders,
  • hormonal or digestive problems can result in insomnia.
  • Insonmina; It can seriously affect quality of life due to its various effects. These include depression, concentration impairment, sensitivity to external factors (irritability). e), weight gain and decrease in school/work performance.

    Parasomnia: Abnormal behaviors and movements during sleep are considered as parasomnia. These include;
    Especially REM sleep behavior disorder; During REM sleep; It is a type known as the reflection of what he sees in his dreams on his behavior by the person who should not be able to move normally.

    Sleep apnea: It is defined as the complete cessation or reduction of breathing during sleep. Although it is considered normal to be seen for a short time with snoring in healthy individuals; As the frequency and length of sleep occur, it causes serious health problems.

    Individuals are at risk, especially in terms of heart and lung problems. The person wakes up frequently due to lack of oxygen in his sleep and causes complaints such as fatigue, irritability, need for sleep and difficulty concentrating during the day due to insufficient sleep.

    It may be accompanied by numbness or tingling sensation in the legs. In severe cases, complaints may develop during the day. Although it can accompany health problems such as hyperactivity disorder, some vitamin deficiencies, and Parkinson's disease, the cause is often unknown.

    Narcolepsy: It is known with "sleeping attacks" that develop during the day while awake. The person falls asleep suddenly feeling tired during the day.

    Sometimes this complaint may be accompanied by temporary sleep paralysis after awakening from sleep.
    Although it can be alone, narcolepsy is often accompanied by various neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS).

    What are the Causes of Sleep Disorder?

    Although sleep fluidity differs from person to person, some occurs depending on personal and biological characteristics. Various health problems arising from these features can lead to sleep disorders. In this context, the causes of sleep disorders can be summarized as follows:

    What Symptoms Occur in Sleep Disorder?

    Various complaints may accompany sleep problems in people with sleep disorders. Among these, the following are frequently observed:

    What to Do in the Treatment of Sleep Disorder ?

    Effective solution to sleep problem; primarily depends on the correct determination of the problem and appropriate treatment planning. For this reason, people with sleep disorders should first consult a specialist physician.

    After taking the patient's detailed disease history and performing a detailed physical examination, additional laboratory and imaging tests are performed if necessary. The polysomnography test, which is used especially in sleep disorders, is important in determining the type of sleep disorder. According to the results obtained, the problem is determined and appropriate treatment is planned. ır.

    Medical treatments include; There are drug treatments that make it easier to fall asleep, melatonin supplementation, the use of apparatus that makes breathing easier, surgical operations to prevent sleep apnea, and dentistry applications.

    In addition to these, it is possible for people to eliminate or prevent sleep disorders with various measures they can take in their daily lives. Among these are the following:

    Read: 0