During pregnancy, expectant mothers undoubtedly worry about many things and are constantly worried about both themselves and the health of their unborn babies. There are many issues that expectant mothers worry about, from whether the air they breathe is clean, whether the water they drink is clean, whether the cigarettes smoked by their spouses at home harm the baby's health, or whether the x-ray taken at the dentist is harmful. However, such concerns do not go beyond creating an unnecessary source of stress for pregnant women. However, having accurate information about pregnancy will eliminate unnecessary stress for expectant mothers and also increase the possibility of having a healthy baby. Some of the things that need to be done to avoid harming the baby during pregnancy and the golden rules that must be followed for a problem-free pregnancy:

-Do not smoke or drink alcohol.
-Do not take medications unless recommended by the doctor.
-Do not neglect the iron and multivitamin recommended by your doctor, adequate dose of omega 3 supplement and vitamin D supplement if there is deficiency.
-Do not stand for a long time, but do not remain motionless for a long time
-Do not tire yourself during your daily work, do not forget to rest when you are tired.
-Stay away from sports such as cycling, playing tennis, skiing.
/> -Stay away from lifting heavy objects, harmful metals, chemicals and radiation, even if it is required by your profession.
-Consult your doctor before the journey and get support against problems that may be encountered during journeys
-Choose loose and comfortable clothes.
/> -Wear low-heeled, comfortable shoes.
-Wear cotton underwear and change your underwear daily.
-Do not wear jewelry such as rings and bracelets.
-Take care of your teeth. Brush your teeth slowly with a soft brush when you wake up in the morning, before going to bed in the evening and after each meal.
-Avoid x-rays. Do not have radiological examination unless necessary.
-Avoid all kinds of live vaccines (Salk polio vaccine, tetanus vaccine when necessary). Please keep in mind that it is not harmful to have a test)
-If there is no risk of miscarriage, there is no harm in having sexual intercourse until the last month.
-Stand up at least once a day; Take a bath with warm water as if you were taking a shower.
-Pay attention to breast care, especially in the 2 weeks before birth, use creams that will support the nipple.
-To prevent sagging, wear a cotton-woven bra with straps that are not too tight, to prevent fullness. Massage with light finger touches.
-Drink plenty of water.
-Eat frequently and little by little, do not take breaks between meals, and reduce the amount of food eaten at meals and increase the number of meals per day.
-Rich in vitamin C and calcium. Choose foods (citrus fruits, milk and dairy products)
-Choose fibrous foods, consuming fibrous foods will increase bowel movements and protect you from constipation and problems caused by pregnancy. -Be careful not to gain more than 10-12 kg of weight during pregnancy.
/> -If your pregnancy does not pose a particular risk, walk a lot and swim if you can. Swimming and walking will both increase your exercise capacity, strengthen your back muscles and make you more durable in the last months of pregnancy. - Avoid eating excessive carbohydrates (pastries, sweets and sugary drinks) and pay attention to a more balanced diet of carbohydrates, vegetables and proteins at each meal.

Situations in which you should consult a physician

-Vaginal bleeding: It can be a sign of miscarriage and the threat of miscarriage in the first months, and it can also be a sign of the threat of premature birth from the 24th week onwards


-Clear, continuous or intermittent pain in the abdomen: It may be a sign of ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage or premature birth. Especially in the last months of pregnancy, pain that does not exceed 4-5 times a day, occurs after movement and activity, passes when you rest, and does not exceed a minute is normal. However, if it comes every 5 minutes or lasts more than a minute, it may be a sign of premature birth

-Fetus Decreased movements: It indicates that the fetus is in distress. Consult your doctor when you do not feel fetal movements for a long time, especially after the 28th week of pregnancy.

-High fever and chills: It is a sign of infection.
-Blurred or distorted vision
-Severe headache
-Persistent vomiting
-Burning during urination, difficulty or little urine output: It indicates a urinary tract infection.
-Sudden and unexpected swelling in the hands, feet or face: It may be a sign of impaired kidney function or pregnancy hypertension. >

Read: 0